What is INFP In Behavioral Science?


INFP (Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving) is one of the sixteen personality types identified by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), a self-report questionnaire designed to assess and categorize an individual’s psychological preferences based on Carl Jung’s theory of psychological types. INFPs are characterized by their deep empathy, strong moral values, and vivid imagination. They are often referred to as the “Healer” or “Idealist” personality type due to their innate desire to make the world a better place and their dedication to personal growth and self-discovery.


The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother, Katharine Cook Briggs, in the 1940s as a tool for understanding individual differences and promoting personal growth. The MBTI is based on Carl Jung’s theory of psychological types, which posits that people have innate preferences for perceiving and processing information, making decisions, and interacting with the world. These preferences can be organized into four dichotomies, each representing a continuum between two opposite poles:

Extraversion (E) – Introversion (I)

Focus on the outer world of people and activities versus the inner world of thoughts and reflections.

Sensing (S) – Intuition (N)

Preference for concrete, tangible information versus abstract, conceptual information.

Thinking (T) – Feeling (F)

Decision-making based on objective logic and analysis versus personal values and emotions.

Judging (J) – Perceiving (P)

Preference for structure, organization, and closure versus flexibility, spontaneity, and openness.

INFPs have a preference for Introversion, Intuition, Feeling, and Perceiving, which shapes their unique personality profile.

Key Characteristics


INFPs are introspective, reflective, and reserved, often drawing energy from their inner world of thoughts and emotions. They tend to be more comfortable in smaller social settings and may require time alone to recharge after engaging in social activities.


INFPs have a strong preference for abstract, conceptual information and ideas. They are imaginative, future-oriented, and adept at recognizing patterns and making connections between seemingly unrelated concepts.


INFPs prioritize personal values and emotions when making decisions. They are empathetic, compassionate, and sensitive to the feelings of others, often seeking harmony and understanding in their relationships and environments.


INFPs value flexibility, spontaneity, and openness in their lives and environments. They prefer to keep their options open and adapt to changing circumstances, often enjoying the freedom to explore new experiences and ideas.

Challenges and Growth Opportunities

INFPs may struggle with practical matters, assertiveness, and decision-making due to their introspective and empathetic nature. They may benefit from developing organizational skills, assertiveness training, and strategies for effective decision-making to balance their natural inclinations and support their personal growth. Additionally, INFPs should be mindful of their tendency to idealize situations and relationships, cultivating a realistic perspective and learning to cope with disappointment or setbacks.


Understanding the INFP personality type can provide valuable insights for individuals, educators, employers, and mental health professionals. By recognizing the strengths and challenges associated with the INFP profile, individuals can pursue personal growth and self-awareness, educators can tailor learning experiences to meet their students’ needs, employers can optimize team dynamics and productivity, and mental health professionals can develop targeted interventions and strategies for their clients.

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