Counter conditioning is a type of behavioral therapy that aims to change an unwanted behavior by replacing it with a new, more desirable behavior. This is done by pairing the unwanted behavior with a stimulus that evokes a new, opposing response. For example, if a person has a fear of dogs, they might be gradually exposed to dogs in a safe and controlled environment, while also engaging in a relaxing activity such as deep breathing or listening to calming music. Over time, the person’s fear response to dogs may be replaced by a more relaxed response. Counter conditioning is often used in the treatment of phobias, anxiety disorders, and other conditions that involve unwanted emotional responses.